Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth, with its peak reaching 8,848.86 meters (29,031.7 feet) above sea level. It is located in the Himalayas, on the border of Nepal and Tibet (an autonomous region of China). Mount Everest is known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet.
Climbing Mount Everest is a significant challenge and requires considerable mountaineering skills and experience. The standard route to the summit is known as the Southeast Ridge from the Nepalese side and is the most commonly used route. Another popular route is the North Ridge from the Tibetan side, although it is generally considered more challenging.
Many climbers attempt to reach the summit of Mount Everest each year, usually during the climbing season from April to May, when weather conditions are most favorable. However, climbing Everest is extremely dangerous and carries significant risks due to the high altitude, extreme weather conditions, avalanches, and other hazards. Therefore, mountaineers must undergo extensive training and acclimatization to prepare for the climb.
The first successful ascent of Mount Everest was achieved on May 29, 1953, by Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal. Since then, thousands of climbers worldwide have made successful ascents, but many have also lost their lives in the attempt.